NAPW

On November 28, 2003, the New York Times published the following letter to the editor without the complete list of signatories. The complete list of signatories to this letter addressing issues relating to national, health, science, women's news, drug policy and child welfare is provided below.

New York Times,
Letters to the Editor

Published: November 28, 2003

Crack Baby' Syndrome?

To the Editor:

We are medical and psychological researchers who are concerned about your use of the term "crack baby."

During years of studying addictions and prenatal exposure to psychoactive substances, none of us have ever identified a recognizable condition, syndrome or disorder that could be termed "crack baby." Some of our published research finds subtle effects of prenatal cocaine exposure in selected developmental domains, while other of our research publications do not. "Crack baby" is not a medical diagnosis but a media stereotype. Such pejorative stigmatization of children is not only scientifically inaccurate but also dangerous.

An Oct. 28 news article illustrates how this stereotype delayed interventions while a New Jersey family apparently starved several of their adopted children, misrepresenting to neighbors and professionals that the four boys had been born addicted to crack cocaine.

DEBORAH A. FRANK, M.D.
Professor of Pediatrics
Boston U. School of Medicine
Boston, Nov. 24, 2003

The letter was also signed by 27 American and Canadian researchers

Marjorie Beeghly, Ph.D
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Senior Research Associate, Children's Hospital, Boston
Child Development Unit
Children's Hospital

Marylou Behnke, M.D.
Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Co-Director, Developmental Evaluation and Intervention Program
University of Florida College of Medicine

Maureen Black, Ph.D
Professor, Dept. of Pediatrics,
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Elizabeth R. Brown, MD
Director of Neonatology
Boston University School of Medicine/Boston Medical Center

Ira J. Chasnoff, MD
Children's Research Triangle
Chicago, IL

Wendy Chavkin, MD, MPH
Professor of Clinical Public Health and Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mailman School of Public Health and College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University

Claire D. Coles, Ph.D
Director, Fetal Alcohol and Drug Exposure Center, Marcus Institute
Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Emory University School of Medicine

Nancy Day, Ph.D
Professor of Psychiatry and Epidemiology
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic

Virginia Delaney-Black, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics
Wayne State University
Assistant Director, Children's Research Center of Michigan
Children's Hospital of Michigan

Chris Derauf, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine

Fonda Davis Eyler, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Co-Director, Developmental Evaluation and Intervention Program
University of Florida College of Medicine

Peter Fried, Ph.D
Dept. of Psychology
Carleton University
Ottawa, Ontario

Judith M. Gardner, Ph.D

Bernard Z. Karmel, Ph.D.
NYS Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities

Hallam Hurt, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Neonatology, Dept. of Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Joseph L. Jacobson, Ph.D
Professor and Chair, Dept. of Psychology
Wayne State University

Sandra W. Jacobson, Ph.D
Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences
Wayne State University School of Medicine

Stephen R. Kandall, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Emeritus
Raleigh, NC

John R. Knight, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Director, Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research
Children's Hospital, Boston

Gideon Koren MD, FRCPC
Professor of Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Medicine, and Medical Genetics
University of Toronto
Director, Motherisk Program
Senior Scientist
The Hospital for Sick Children
Clinical Pharmacology Dept.
Toronto, Ontario

Barry Lester, Ph.D
Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics
Brown Medical School
Director, Infant Development Center

Linda Mayes, MD

Arnold Gesell
Professor of Child Psychiatry Pediatrics and Psychology,

Prasanna Nair, MD, MPH
Professor, Dept. of Pediatrics
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Daniel R. Neuspiel, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and of Population Health
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Associate Chairman of Pediatrics, Beth Israel Medical Center

Gale A. Richardson, Ph.D
Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Epidemiology
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic

Lynn T. Singer, Ph.D
Interim Provost and University Vice-President
Case Western University

Barry Zuckerman, MD
Professor and Chairman
Dept. of Pediatrics
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston Medical Center


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